<マードック帝国の醜聞> 手段を選ばぬ米ニューズ社、今度はライバル放送「ただ見」ハッキング助長で倒産へ追い込んだ疑い(産経&BBCより)

「メディアの帝王」と呼ばれるルキース・ルパート・マードック(Keith Rupert Murdoch)氏(81)が率いる米ニューズ社、最近その傘下の英大衆紙で組織的盗聴や警官らへの贈賄が明らかになって手段を問わないやり方に批判が高まっていた。 

なんと、今度は米ニューズ社が株式を保有する英衛星放送BSkyBのライバル社だったITVデジタルをあくどい方法で倒産に追い込んだ疑惑が持ち上がってきた。 その方法とはハッカーを雇いライバル社のITVデジタルのスクランブル(暗号化処理)を解除させ、割り出したIC(集積)カードのコードをハッカーが主宰する衛星放送ハッカーサイトに掲載したというのだ。 そのため、ITVデジタルの衛星放送をただで見る手口が広がり、同社は02年に10億ポンド超の負債を抱えて倒産した。

これを報じた産経の記事とそのニュース・ソースになっている英BBCの記事を以下に掲載する。

マードック帝国に再び激震 ライバル放送の“ただ見”助長
(産経 2012.3.29 14:39)

【ロンドン=木村正人】  「メディアの帝王」と呼ばれるルパート・マードック氏率いる米ニューズ・コーポレーションが英国やオーストラリアでライバル社の衛星放送を妨害するため、ハッカーを援助して“ただ見”の手口をネット上で広めていた疑惑が浮上した。マードック氏傘下の英大衆紙では組織的盗聴や警官らへの贈賄が明らかになっており、手段を問わないやり方に改めて批判が集まっている。

26日放送の英BBC放送調査報道番組「パノラマ」によると、ニューズ社セキュリティー部門の欧州担当者ら2人は2000年前後にニューズ社へのハッキングを行っていた英国人男性と接触。刑事告発を見送る見返りに同社への協力を求め、年6万ポンド(約800万円)の報酬を約束したという。

この男性の証言では、ニューズ社が株式を保有する英衛星放送BSkyBのライバル社だったITVデジタルのスクランブル(暗号化処理)を解除するIC(集積)カードのコードを割り出し、自ら主宰する衛星放送ハッカーサイトに掲載した。ITVデジタルの衛星放送をただで見る手口が広がり、同社は02年に10億ポンド超の負債を抱えて倒産した。

ニューズ社セキュリティー部門のトップは元イスラエル対内情報機関のナンバー2が務めており、イスラエルにあるニューズ社傘下のセキュリティー会社がこうした妨害工作に関わっていたという

男性は「資金提供の見返りに、ただ見の手口を広めるよう依頼された」と証言しているが、ニューズ社側は「ICカードのセキュリティーを向上させるため情報提供を受けていただけ」と疑惑を否定している。

英議会で大衆日曜紙ニューズ・オブ・ザ・ワールド(廃刊)の盗聴事件を追及するトム・ワトソン下院議員は英国情報通信庁にニューズ社が放送事業者としてふさわしいかどうか調査するよう求めた。

オーストラリア紙によるとニューズ社は、同国でも衛星放送の利権独占を狙って、ハッカーにライバル社のスクランブル解除コードを割り出させ、ネット上にばらまかせていた疑いがあるという。

http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/120329/asi12032914430002-n1.htm

そこで、BBCの記事を調べてみた。 これでしょ。


News Corporation firm NDS accused of ITV Digital hack
(BBC 27 March 2012 Last updated at 15:10 GMT)

——————————————————————————————————————
A News Corporation subsidiary company used a computer hacker to sabotage Sky TV’s biggest rival, BBC Panorama has reported.
——————————————————————————————————————

NDS is accused of leaking information from On Digital which could be used to create counterfeit smart cards, giving people free access to paid for TV.

The Carlton and Granada owned company folded in 2002 following rebranding which saw it renamed ITV Digital.

An NDS statement denied the claims, calling them “simply not true”.

ITV Digital was first launched as On Digital and was set up as a rival to News Corporation’s Sky TV in 1998.

But the widespread availability of secret codes to reproduce the cards needed to access the service meant ITV Digital’s services could be accessed for free by pirates.

■ Hacking intelligence

The latest claims have been made by Lee Gibling – who set up a website in the late 90s known as The House of Ill-Compute, or Thoic.

Mr Gibling told the BBC he was paid to publish stolen information. His contact at NDS was Ray Adams, who at the time was head of UK security for the firm – which manufactures smartcards for all News Corporations’ pay-TV companies across the world.

However, the company has denied Mr Gibling’s claims and said Thoic was only used to gather intelligence on hackers.

“It is simply not true that NDS used the Thoic website to sabotage the commercial interests of ONDigital/ITV digital or indeed any rival,” the NDS statement said.

“As part of the fight against pay-TV piracy, all companies in the conditional access industry – and many law enforcement agencies – come to posses codes that could enable hackers to access services for free.

“It is wrong to claim NDS has ever been in possession of any codes for the purpose of promoting hacking or piracy.”

■ ’Killer blow’

ITV Digital’s former chief technical officer, Simon Dore, told the programme that piracy was “the killer blow for the business, there is no question”.

“The business had its issues aside from the piracy… but those issues I believe would have been solvable by careful and good management. The real killer, the hole beneath the water line, was the piracy. We couldn’t recover from that.”

ITV Digital’s former chief technical officer, Simon Dore, told the programme that piracy was “the killer blow for the business, there is no question”.

“The business had its issues aside from the piracy… but those issues I believe would have been solvable by careful and good management. The real killer, the hole beneath the water line, was the piracy. We couldn’t recover from that.”

Mr Gibling told Panorama that codes on the Thoic site originated from NDS.

“They delivered the actual software to be able to do this, with prior instructions that it should go to the widest possible community,” he said.

Two former senior policemen ran the NDS UK security unit. Mr Adams had been head of criminal intelligence at the Metropolitan Police and Len Withall, who had been a chief inspector in the Surrey force.

Both men were secretly filmed by Panorama.

Mr Adams claimed he “would have arrested” Mr Gibling if he had known ITV Digital’s code had been published on Thoic and denied having the codes himself.

But internal NDS documents, obtained by Panorama, show a hacked code was passed to Mr Withall and Mr Adams from a technology expert inside the company.

■ ’Their baby’

Mr Gibling said NDS paid for Thoic’s servers and was across all of its hacking and TV piracy.

“Everything that was in the closed area of Thoic was totally accessed by any of the NDS representatives,” he said.

He added that although Thoic was in his name, in reality the website belonged to NDS.

“It was NDS. It was their baby and it started to become more their baby as they fashioned it to their own design.”

Once ITV Digital’s codes were published on Thoic, Mr Gibling said his site was then used to defeat the electronic countermeasures that the company used to try to stop the piracy.

He added that new codes, created by ITV Digital, were sent out to other piracy websites.

“We wanted people to be able to update these cards themselves, we didn’t want them buying a single card and then finding they couldn’t get channels. We wanted them to stay and keep with On Digital, flogging it until it broke.”

NDS’s UK security unit was 50% funded by Sky. But the satellite broadcaster, chaired by James Murdoch, told the programme it had no involvement in how the unit was run and was not aware of Thoic.

Mr Murdoch was a non-executive director of NDS at the time although there is no evidence that he knew about the events reported by Panorama.

■ ’Fit and proper’

Ofcom, the television regulator, is currently examining whether Mr Murdoch and News Corporation are “fit and proper” persons to be in control of BSkyB, the company that runs Sky TV. News Corporation currently owns 39% of BSkyB.

Tom Watson MP, a member of the Culture, Media and Sport Select Committee that has been examining the phone-hacking scandal, has called for Ofcom to examine these new allegations in their assessment.

“Clearly allegations of TV hacking are far more serious than phone hacking,” he said. “It seems inconceivable that they (Ofcom) would not want to look at these new allegations. Ofcom are now applying the fit and proper person test to Rupert and James Murdoch. It also seems inconceivable to me that if these allegations are true that Rupert Murdoch and James Murdoch will pass that test.”

NDS declined to be interviewed for the programme.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-17494723

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